What is noun?
Noun is a word used as the name of a person place or thing. It is a word which names any person, thing or place. So, we can say, A noun is a word used for naming some person thing or place. যে word দ্বারা কোন নাম বোঝায় তাকে নাম বলে। অর্থাৎ Noun হলো কোন ব্যক্তি, বস্তু বা স্থানের নাম প্রকাশ করে এমন শব্দ।
- Name of the country: Bangladesh, America, China, Japan, India etc.
- Name of the quality: honesty beauty wisdom etc.
- Name of place: Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi
- Name of animal: tiger, bird, lion
- Name of person: Bob, Michael, Sohel
- Name of the object: fan, table, book
- Name of matter: water, oxygen, milk
How to identify noun
Noun ends with an, my, sion, ist, ce, our, ment, tion, ty, er, etc. So, if we get these at the end of the word, we can call them noun. Like: teacher, actor, improvement, education etc.
Where Noun is placed
(i) A, an, the, that, my, your, his, our, its, Determiner এর পরে Noun বসে। যেমনঃ It is a book. It is his pen. It is our school.
(ii) Sentence এর শুরুতে subject হিসেবে Noun বসে। যেমনঃ Knowledge is power.
(iii) Verb এর object হিসেবে Noun বসে। যেমনঃ I bought a computer.
(iv) Preposition এর পরে Noun বসে। যেমনঃ Write with a pencil.
(v) Adjective এর পরে Noun বসে। যেমনঃ Bangladesh is a developing country.
Classification of Noun (Noun -এর শ্রেণি বিভাগ)
ইন্দ্রিয়গ্রাহ্যতা হিসাবে Noun প্রধানত দু’প্রকার। i. Abstract Noun. ii. Concrete Noun.
What is Abstract Noun? Abstract noun is the noun which exists in our mind only and we cannot recognize them through our senses such as relationships, qualities, ideas, theories, freedom, idea, happiness, music, conditions, states of being, fields of inquiry, like, etc. – An Abstract Noun is the name of a quality, action or state belonging to an object. – PK DE Sarkar.
Example Sentences: (i) Knowledge is power. (ii) Education is the backbone of a nation. (iii) She is beauty. (iv) Love is Heaven. (v) He is a national hero. (vi) It is not true that a judge always give right justice. (vii) Greenery in the environment is natural beauty. (viii) Love is an uncontrollable desire. (ix) My determination is to get higher education. (x) Freedom fighters have sacrificed their lives during Independence of India. (xi) Weekends are the source of great joy for children.
Formation Of Abstract Noun
1. Common Noun থেকেঃ brother (brotherhood), mother (motherhood), child (childhood), member (membership), man (manhood), friend (friendship), king (kingship), scholar (scholarship), neighbor (neighborhood), leader (leadership), etc.
2. Adjective থেকেঃ able (ability), kind (kindness), wide (width), angry (anger), unique (uniqueness), long (length), great (greatness), beautiful (beauty), brave (bravery), different (difference), strong (strength), thirsty (thirst), new (newness), honest (honesty), envious (envy), weak (weakness), happy (happiness), hungry (hunger), wise (wisdom), difficult (difficulty), etc.
3. Verb থেকেঃ act (action), speak (speech), know (knowledge), die (death), appear (appearance), behave (behavior), lose (loss), please (pleasure), think (thought), believe (belief), invite (invitation), marry (marriage), do (deed), permit (permission), employ (employment), refuse (refusal), free (freedom), sell (sale), grow (growth), judge (judgement), treat (treatment), laugh (laughter), etc.
What is Concrete Noun ? A noun that refers to a real physical object. -Cambridge Dictionary.
A Concrete Noun is the name of an object of sense, that is, an object which can be seen, touched, heard, smelt or tasted. -PK DE Sarker
Example: Building, Water, Pen, Book, Table, Chair, etc..
Classification of Concrete Noun
Concrete noun can be classified into four types. They are
- Proper Noun
- Common Noun
- Collective Noun
- Material Noun
Proper noun is the noun used to name individual person, place or any organization. It is written with its first letter in capital and does not matter the place of its occurrence in the sentence.
A Proper Noun is the name of one particular person, place, thing or event (or group of persons or places) as distinct from every other. -PK DE Surkar
Example: (i) Albert Einstein was a physicist. (ii) I live in Bangladesh from my birth. (iii) She failed to get job in Microsoft. (iv) I saw Titanic movie first time in cinema hall. (v) I got gold medal for Badminton. (vi) I like Doraemon cartoon very much. (vii) I was traveling in the Arctic with my friends. (viii) My ship crossed the Atlantic in 8 days. (ix) The Statue of Liberty is located in New York. (x) I saw the Eiffel Tower in scenery only.
A Common Noun or Class Noun denotes no one person or thing in particular but is common to any and every person or thing of the same kind. – PK DE Sarkar
Examples: (i) A girl wants to play with doll. (ii) Ants are small animal however very daring. (iii) I go to school by bus. (iv) I like to drink cow. (v) I love to see over bridges. (vi) It is the sound of my alarm clock. (vii) My car stands in the garage. (viii) My yard is full of green trees. (ix) School education is necessary for all children. (x) Sky looks very clear in the morning. (xi) Water park is nice place for children. (xii) Wolf is a very clever animal.
Collective noun is a noun used to name the group or number of people or things. We can use collective noun to identify group of nouns. A Collective Noun is the name of a group or collection or persons or things taken as a whole. – PK DE Sarkar
For Example: (i) Animals like to live in a herd. (ii) I come first in the class. (iii) The committee agrees to perform all the responsibilities at right time. (iv) Members of this group are very active.
Some Collective Nouns:
- Navy Committee Group
- Party Crowd Herd
Material noun is the name given to the material, substance or things made up of alloy. It refers to the type of substance instead of individual particles of the substance. Material nouns are not countable means we cannot count them. A Material Noun denotes the matter or substance, of which, things are made up of. – PK DE Sarkar
For Examples: (i) Taj Mahal is built using marbles. (ii) Cotton dresses are very cheap and comfortable. (iii) My mom purchased a gold ring for me. (iv) I drink milk in the silver. (v) My father has a shop for diamonds. (vi) Calcium is a good mineral for health. (vii) Plastic is made up of many molecules of ethylene. (viii) I drink milk daily in the night. (ix) Most of the industries use fiber.
Note: Material Noun এর পরে Singular Verb ব্যবহৃত হয়। Material Noun এর পূর্বে সাধারণত কোনাে Article বসেনা।
Sheep (ভেড়া) Common Noun কিন্তু Mutton (ভেড়ার মাংস) Material Noun. অনুরুপভাবে River Common Noun. Another Example: The water of this river is very clear (এখানে water common noun)Water is very essential for life | (এখানে water একটি Material Noun)